Lets Invent Galactic!
English is the true universal language of the planet earth, but has many irregularities and difficulties that prevent it from being a universal, galactic language. When the aliens arrive on earth, they will no doubt choose to communicate in English, but what if we could develop a more universal language that will eliminate the spelling, grammar and pronunciation irregularities that make it so hard for non-native speakers to learn?
First, the spelling needs to be uniform, with NO irregularities. Words will be spelled exactly as they sound. NO homonyms, no homophones. No silent letters. No confusion as to which letter to represent which sound. No contractions.
Grammar should be simplified. Minimal number of tenses and moods, verbs are conjugated regularly, with only first person, seconds person, and third person; no need for plurals. No gender for nouns, easily made into pleural nouns.No adjective agreement with nouns in gender or plurality. Easily create adjectives and adverbs from nouns. Simplify prepositions, articles. Minimal pronouns. Simplified possessive forms. Ability to put modifiers before OR after nouns and verbs. Noun objects will be the same as noun subjects. Compound words or nouns will be separated by a -.
Compound words will be made by separating the root word from the prefix by a hyphen, and the suffix with an apostrophy. Scientific notation, numbers, chemicals will be Arabic, decimal, IUPAC chemical names. Mathematical symbols the same, except minus will be ~. Music symbols, currency symbols unchanged. Punctuation will have inverted ? and ! and quotes before questions, exclamations and quotations.
NO CAPITALIZATION of nouns. Always use Capital letters for printing.
Simple Symbols will be preceded by a ¤. (ie, scientific constant ¤c=speed of light). The type symbol □ will be used for a “wild card placeholder,” as in computer languages.
Nouns end in O. Plurals in ‘IM. Adjectives in ‘IS (for sh sound). Adverbs in ‘LI (like “ly”). One who __blanks__ is a ‘ER . Present proper nouns will be spelled phonetically, even if they don’t end in O, the O can be added on .
Minimal pronouns: I,VU,SI ( I, you, she). 2 articles, LE and UN.
Prepositions will be simple prefixes.
All prefixes will be set off from the root word by a - and all suffixes by a ‘ .
For example motorcar = notor-karo
Verb infinitive end in IR, like Spanish. There is a simple conjugation , with only first, second and third person. Past tense is compound from the infinitive and conjugated endings. Second person plural is understood to be “you all.” No He/SHE/it confusion. Third person pronouns will be nongender SI (pronounced SHE).
For example “walk” valkir: Valki, Valkiz, Valkin
Past tense= infinitive plus conjugation: valkiri, valkiriz, valkirin
Future tense, Gerund (the ing form), imperative, participle tenses are made by compounding a helper verb. Will go, will be going, must go, had gone.
Finally, many sounds in English are confusing, and others are too harsh, explosive or too loud for recording with standard microphones (think the letter S and P). Lets get rid of overly harsh and confusing sounds.
No “s” use sh or Z
No “B” use V
No “d”, use V
No “c”, use K
No “P” use V
No “T” use th
No “f”, use th
CH is a sound, represented by the letter “c”
SH is a sound represented by the letter “s”
TH is a sound represented by the letter “T”
R is short, no trill (OK for some to use L instead of R)
No “M”, too easy to confuse with “N” (except perhaps as a final plural )
No “J” , use “G” (Guh)
NO rules on accent of syllables. Any stress on different symbols is OK.
Vowels have only one sound. E is always short, like the English Schwa, “ugh”.
A is always long, like ayh.
I is always long, like EE (eye)
O is always long Oh
U is always long
Diphthong vowels should be avoided.
For vocabulary: when in doubt, use ENGLISH words that have minor changes in spelling and pronunciation to accommodate Basic Galactic rules.
For example, car would be KARO
OK to add in words from other languages where the English word is too confusing. Latin preferred, but Spanish/French/german/Hebrew,Greek or other phonetic spelled languages ok.
Words from other languages, scientific terminology, Proper Nouns, and acronyms will be flagged with a preceding carat ^.
Of course, if there are other, logical rules or substitute rules that others feel make more sense, then these preliminary rules SHOULD BE CHANGED to make the language simple and regular and phonetic.
Basic Galactic would be a simple, stripped down language. It should be easily learned, especially by anyone familiar with ENGLISH. If Esperanto can be develop by one physician, and Klingon by two Star Trekkies, then Galactic should be easy to create by internet CONSENSUS.
If Aliens cannot make certain sounds, but can make others, the will substitute their preferred sound. For example, if they cannot LISP “TH” but can make a guttural CHE (Het, French ch) than that will be OK for them. Clicks and whistles might be required, or other sounds that aliens can make but might be difficult or impossible for human speech.
Basic Galactic may not be good for literature or poetry, but that can be for HIGH GALACTIC.
Marc Stuart Berger October , 2014